Where present, maps are downloadable.
Adopted by Hadrian as his first choice for successor in 136, Lucius Aelius Verus (coin as Caesar, and bust) died two years later.
Hadrian replaced Aelius with 51-year-old Titus Aurelius Fulvius Boionius Arrius Antoninus (Pius), who was urged to adopt two sons. One was 17-year-old Marcus Annius Verus (coin above right), who was to become Marcus Aurelius, the other was Lucius Aelius’s seven-year-old son Lucius Ceionius Commodus (bust as child right), later known as Lucius Verus.
Face of the philosopher: Marcus Aurelius, bust and coin (right) of the young Caesar in waiting.
Illustrations © Oliver Frey; Maps © Roger M. Kean © 2010–2016 Reckless Books, England