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12. Nerva and Trajan

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TrajanPlotina PlotinaMarcianaMatidia MAPTrajanParthia MAPDacia MAPDacianWarTrajan Nerva

Marcus Cocceius Nerva, bust and coin.

Marcus Ulpius Traianus and his virtuous wife, Pompeia Plotina. Nerva's adoption of Trajan to be his successor was a significant first for imperial Rome; his appointee was a native of Spain—the first non-Italian to rise to the purple.

Trajan's wife Plotina (top) and his beloved older sister Marciana (center). All his women, including his sister's daughter Matidia (immediately above), played influential roles in the emperor's life. All three were awarded the title Augusta.

Dacian king Decebalus slit his own throat rather than fall captive of the Romans; from the frieze on trajan's Column in Rome.

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